In golf, the fairway is referred to as the closely mown area between the tee box and the putting green involved in a hole. It is the target for golfers other than par-3s. In other words, the fairway is the most ideal area for landing off the tea. It is referred to as the pathway that leads to the teeing ground to the hole on the green.
Commonly found in Par 4 and Par 5
Officially, the term ‘fairway’ actually does not exist in golfing rules. This term is actually derived from members of the golf industry where it is commonly found on par-4 and par-5 holes. As mentioned, fairway does not exist in par-3 holes as they are too short for the goal from the tee to hit the green at such courses.
As related to fairway grass, ‘closely mown’ actually refers to the range of the different types of turf involved. For this, fine fescues are usually between 7/16 and ½ inches while Ryegrass are between ¾ and 1 ¼ inches. Bentgrass is between 7/16 and ½ inches while Bermuda is between ½ and ¾ inches. The height of the fairway is actually dependent on the type of grass used on the green and would be influenced by other factors like the weather, the course budget and soil conditions, among others.